Home Fire Alarms

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Be alerted quickly to a fire. Mains and battery powered alarms available.

The Renting Homes (Wales) Act 2016 (the Act) will come into force in Wales on 1 December 2022.

Please find below the sections concerning the installation of Smoke and Carbon monoxide alarms.

Part 2: landlord requirements

Part 2 of the regulations sets out 3 things a landlord must do to ensure a home is FFHH:

Install smoke alarms;
Carry out an electrical safety test at least every 5 years; and
Install carbon monoxide alarms where a gas, oil or solid fuel appliance is present.

Where a landlord fails to do any of the above, in the times allowed, the dwelling will be unfit for human habitation. More information on each of these requirements is set out below.
Smoke Alarms:

The presence of smoke alarms is intended to reduce the risk of fire. Without a smoke alarm fitted an occupier is at least 4 times more likely to die because of fire. The FFHH Regulations require a landlord to fit a working smoke alarm on every storey of a dwelling. The alarm must also be connected to the electrical supply and be linked to any other smoke alarms that have to be fitted under the regulations. Smoke alarms should be fitted where they can be heard by the occupier when asleep, usually a hall or landing area.

More than one smoke alarm may be fitted on each storey. If so, it is good to have all alarms inter-linked and hard-wired into the electrical supply. However, if the landlord has met the minimum requirement of one hard-wired and inter-linked smoke alarm on each storey, any additional alarms do not have to be inter-linked and can be battery powered.

Smoke alarms must be present from the occupation date, that is the date the contract-holder moves in. Where the contract-holder is already living in the property when the Act comes into force on 1 December 2022, the landlord must provide smoke alarms no later than 1 December 2023.

Carbon Monoxide Alarms

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a gas, produced when carbon-based fuel, such as coal, wood, oil or natural gas, is burnt without enough oxygen. You cannot see, smell or taste it but it can injure and kill quickly. Not only is CO responsible for many deaths and poisonings each year, but many people are also likely to be affected by CO without realising it.

Alarms are essential in providing perhaps the only warning an occupier will have of the presence of CO, which is a ‘silent killer’ and almost every fatality results from the lack of early warning to its presence.

Oil and gas boilers, gas and open fires, and heaters and stoves fuelled by solid fuel, oil or gas, all have the potential to cause CO poisoning if they are poorly installed, poorly maintained or incorrectly used. This is more often because there is no proper ventilation for these appliances, or the flues or chimneys required to take the CO away are not fitted properly or are blocked.

The FFHH Regulations require a landlord to ensure that a CO alarm is present in any room which has a gas, oil or solid fuel burning appliance installed by the landlord. A landlord is not required to install a CO alarm in any room which only contains an appliance installed by the contract-holder. However, the landlord and contract-holder can agree for the landlord to provide an alarm in such instances.